Datos de interés
- Región: Costa
Altitud: 4 msnm (Altura Media)
Poblacion: 3 500 000 hab
Fundacion: 25 de julio de 1535
Independencia: 9 de octubre de 1820
Clima: Semiárido cálido (BSh).
Presipitación (media): 917 mm por año
Temperatura: 25.7° C a 32 °C
Código postal: EC090150
Latitud: -2º 10' S
Longitud: 79º 54' O
Moneda: Dólar Americano
Idioma predominante: Español
Aeropuerto: José Joaquín de Olmedo. código IATA: GYE, código OACI: (SEGU)
Código de país: +593, código de área 04
Corriente Eléctrica: 110 v
Identificación de código de país de Internet: .ec
Distancia a Quito: 421,1 km por E491: 438,4 km por E487
Distancia a Cuenca: 197,4 km por E582
Guayaquil is one of the main South American ports in the Pacific. The climate is hot for the first semester of the year and breeze cool for the rest of it. A proud city of the tropics where foreigners are well received, music rules and seafood is a must.
In the last decade, the city has undergone positive change. The beautiful riverfront promenade "Malecon 2000" , green areas and modern shopping arcades all over the city attracts tourism from inside and outside the country.
Though tremors were felt during the recent earthquake in Ecuador, the main areas of Guayaquil remain unscathed and structurally unaffected.
The origin of the name "Guayaquil" derives from the love story myth of Tribal Chief "Guayas" and his wife "Quil".
The city was founded on July 25, 1538 with the name "Santiago de Guayaquil" by Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana. Even before it was founded by the Spanish, it already existed as a native village of the "Huancavilca" tribe.
A plunder destination for pirates. In 1687, Guayaquil was looted by George d'Hout (English) and Picard and Groniet (Frenchmen). In 1709, the English captains Woodes Rogers, Etienne Courtney, and William Dampier along with hundreds of pirates, attacked Guayaquil and demanded ransom; however, they suddenly departed without collecting when the epidemic of yellow fever broke out.
Throughout the years, the city became known for its great Shipyards (Astilleros) with clients from all over the new continent.
In October 9, 1820, a group of civilians supported by soldiers from a battalion quartered in the city, declared Independence from Spanish Royalist Forces. Becoming "The Independent Province of Guayaquil" until 1822 when it was annexed to Simon Bolivar's Colombia.
In 1830, the Southern part of Colombia decided to leave the union and create an independent state called "Republic of Ecuador".
Today Guayaquil is still the main port, trading and financial center of Ecuador.
Around halfway along the malecón you'll soon come to one of Guayaquil's more impressive monuments, particularly when illuminated at night. Flanked by small fountains, it depicts the historic but enigmatic meeting between Bolívar and San Martín that took place here in 1822.
Museo Antropológico y de Arte Contemporáneo
Marking the end of riverfront is the modern MAAC, a museum of anthropology and archaeology that hosts a superb permanent collection of pre-Colombian pieces and videos showing artistic techniques of early peoples. Changing exhibitions showcase works by contemporary Ecuadorian artists. MAAC also has a modern 350-seat theater for plays, concerts and films.
It divides in two 9 de Octubre Avenue. It is in the heart of the city and thousands of people go through it every day. It is specially visited on weekends, where you can find many shops, pizzerias, soda shops and restaurants.
In its center lies the monument of our forefathers. It pays homage to the heroes and idealists of the revolution. In a column is a transcript of the Declaration of Independence of October 9th, 1820.
One of the most extensive urban-renewal projects in South America, the waterfront is a gated, policed public space stretching 2.5km along the wide Rió Guayas with ponds, playgrounds, gardens, open-air restaurants, museums, a performance space, an IMAX movie theater and a shopping gallery. At the far northern end are good views of the colonial district of Las Peñas and Cerro Santa Ana and, far beyond, the Puente de la Unidad Nacional (National Union Bridge) soaring over the Rio Daule.
Malecón 2000, one of the most extensive urban-renewal projects in South America, is made up of ponds, playgrounds, sculptures, gardens and river views. From its southernmost point at the Mercado Sur to Cerro Santa Ana and Las Peñas in the north, the malecón stretches 2.5km along the bank of the wide Río Guayas. It's a gated, policed public space with restaurants, a museum, a performance space, an IMAX movie theater and a shopping mall.
A block south of Parque Bolívar, you'll find this museum and the municipal library. The archaeology room on the ground floor has mainly Inca and pre-Inca ceramics, and several figurines from the oldest culture in Ecuador, the Valdivia (c 3200 BC). Also on the ground floor is a colonial room with mainly religious paintings and a few period household items. Upstairs, there's a jumble of modern art and ethnography rooms.
Jardín Botánico de Guayaquil
About a half-hour drive north of town near Cerro Colorado, this botanical garden has more than 80 orchid varieties and nearly 700 plant species. Paths and trails lead you past the plant exhibits and tropical birds flutter overhead. There is a gift shop, a café, a butterfly garden and an auditorium. Insect repellent is recommended in the rainy months. With a few days' advance notice, a guided tour can be arranged.
Zoologico el Patanal
Located north of the city on the way to Daule, this is a rescue and rehabilitation center for injured and abandoned wildlife, as well as being a zoo with monkeys, crocodiles and some large cats. A taxi from downtown is $15; otherwise, get on a Nobol-bound bus ($1, 40 minutes) from Terminal Terrestre in Guayaquil.
Where Calle 10 de Agosto hits the malecón you'll see this famous 30m-high Moorish-style clock tower, which was completed in in 1931 (the tower also appears in El Telégrafo's masthead). Climb up the narrow spiral staircase for a memorable view over the waterfront.
Museo Presley Norton
This museum, featuring an impressive collection of archaeological artifacts, including pottery and figurines made by the original settlers of Ecuador, housed in a beautifully restored mansion. It occasionally stages concerts and screens films.
Museo Nahim Isaias
Nahim Isaias, located in the Plaza de Administración building, exhibits an excellent collection of sculptures, paintings and artifacts from the colonial period.
Cerro Santa Ana
One of Guayaquil's most iconic sights is this hillside enclave, which is dotted with brightly painted homes, cafes, bars and souvenir shops. Follow the winding path up the 444 steps to reach the hilltop Fortín del Cerro. Cannons, which were once used to protect Guayaquil from pirates, aim over the parapet toward the river and are still fired today during celebrations.
Malecón El Salado
The Malecón El Salado is an attractive waterfront renewal project that's popular with area residents. There are several eateries and cafes in a streamlined modern building along the estuary.
Incorporated into the city landscape a short ride from the city center is this landmark cemetery, founded in 1823. It contains hundreds of above-ground tombs (and 700,000 graves in total) stacked atop one another so that it resembles a crowded apartment complex. A walkway leads to several monuments and huge mausoleums, including the impressive grave of President Vicente Rocafuerte.
On the west side of Parque Bolívar is this cathedral whose original wooden building was built in 1547 – however, like much of Guayaquil, it was destroyed by fire. The present structure, completed in 1948 and renovated in 1978, is simple and modern, despite an extremely ornate front entrance.
This monument commemorates Antonio José de Sucre, 19th-century general who played a pivotal role in helping Ecuador gain its independence from Spain.
These lush gardens aren't very large, but they're still worth a peek while strolling through the malecón.
Located exactly where 300 years ago was the heart of Colonial Guayaquil, it maintains that classical atmosphere that makes it so special. It is currently known as the Park of the iguanas, because of the lizards that live in it. We invite you to learn more about this park and the many names it has been given.
Other interesting places near Guayaquil:
"Crucero Discovery", rides up and down the Rio Guayas. You can catch it at Malecon Simón Bolivar. Crazy parties at night.
Traditionally, Salinas has been the main beach, but since 2008 General Villamil Playas has attracted a big part of the local and international tourism. Fishing, surfing, and other water sports. Many modern hotels and delicious sea food. Interesting night life. Wonderful whale-watching during June to September.
The following places are interesting to see if you are daring:
6 de Marzo is an interesting street to visit about 10 blocks from the downtown area during the week before New Year's Eve, because the street is lined with "Años Viejos" or old years, paper maché figures ranging in size from about 12 inches up to 10 or more feet tall. These are often political, movie or cartoon characters.
La Bahía, just off the southern end of the Malecon Simón Bolivar. Huge market area full of shops and stalls of almost anything imaginable. Because it is so cheap you will have lower social class people and have to be a little careful with belongings.
Cocoa or Banana plantations are located around Guayaquil city.